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Structural features and immunological perception of the cell surface g…

  • 저널명Carbohydr Polym. 2020 Apr 1;233:115857
    • 담당교수Sin-Hyeog Im
    • 조회443
    • 작성자최고관리자
    • 2020-07-06


    ■ Abstract
    The capsular material from Lactobacillus plantarum IMB19, an isolate from fermented vegetables, has been analyzed and our results demonstrate that most of the coat of this bacterium consists of glycerol- and ribitol-type teichoic acids, further decorated with other substituents (α-glucose and alanine), and of a capsular polysaccharide (CPS) with a linear nonasaccharide repeating unit, rich in rhamnose, interconnected to the next via a phosphodiester bridge. Stimulation of immune cells with the total capsular material resulted in the enhancement of immunostimulatory (IFNγ, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-12) or immuno-regulatory (IL-10) cytokines in an in vitro splenocyte culture system. The capsular polysaccharide, and not the teichoic acids mixture, was responsible for the IFNγ production. Indeed, a significant increase of IFNγ along with other inflammatory cytokines, and a dose response in IFNγ expression with an EC50 of 3.16 μM was found for CPS, disclosing that this polysaccharide is a potent immunostimulatory molecule.