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Structure of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase cleaving RNA in an RNA/DNA hy…

  • 저널명PNAS, 115(3):507-512. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1719746115
    • 담당교수Min-Sung Kim
    • 조회242
    • 작성자최고관리자
    • 2020-03-02


    ■ Abstract

    HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) contains both DNA polymerase and RNase H activities to convert the viral genomic RNA to dsDNA in infected host cells. Here we report the 2.65-Å resolution structure of HIV-1 RT engaging in cleaving RNA in an RNA/DNA hybrid. A preferred substrate sequence is absolutely required to enable the RNA/DNA hybrid to adopt the distorted conformation needed to interact properly with the RNase H active site in RT. Substituting two nucleotides 4 bp upstream from the cleavage site results in scissile-phosphate displacement by 4 Å. We also have determined the structure of HIV-1 RT complexed with an RNase H-resistant polypurine tract sequence, which adopts a rigid structure and is accommodated outside of the nuclease active site. Based on this newly gained structural information and a virtual drug screen, we have identified an inhibitor specific for the viral RNase H but not for its cellular homologs.