- 첨부된 파일이 없습니다.
- 담당교수Sang Ki Park
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria form a unique subcellular compartment called mitochondria-associated ER membranes (MAMs). Disruption of MAMs impairs Ca2+ homeostasis, triggering pleiotropic effects in the neuronal system. Genome-wide kinase-MAM interactome screening identifies casein kinase 2 alpha 1 (CK2A1) as a regulator of composition and Ca2+ transport of MAMs. CK2A1-mediated phosphorylation of PACS2 at Ser207/208/213 facilitates MAM localization of the CK2A1-PACS2-PKD2 complex, regulating PKD2-dependent mitochondrial Ca2+ influx. We further reveal that mutations of PACS2 (E209K and E211K) associated with developmental and epileptic encephalopathy-66 (DEE66) impair MAM integrity through the disturbance of PACS2 phosphorylation at Ser207/208/213. This, in turn, causes the reduction of mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake and the dramatic increase of the cytosolic Ca2+ level, thereby, inducing neurotransmitter release at the axon boutons of glutamatergic neurons. In conclusion, our findings suggest a molecular mechanism that MAM alterations induced by pathological PACS2 mutations modulate Ca2+-dependent neurotransmitter release.