- 담당교수Il-Doo Hwang
The cytokinin (CK) phytohormones have long been known to activate cell proliferation in plants. However, how CKs regulate cell division and cell expansion remains unclear. Here, we reveal that a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor, CYTOKININ-RESPONSIVE GROWTH REGULATOR (CKG), mediates CK-dependent regulation of cell expansion and cell cycle progression in Arabidopsis thaliana. The overexpression of CKG increased cell size in a ploidy-independent manner and promoted entry into the S phase of the cell cycle, especially at the seedling stage. Furthermore, CKG enhanced organ growth in a pleiotropic fashion, from embryogenesis to reproductive stages, particularly of cotyledons. In contrast, ckg loss-of-function mutants exhibited smaller cotyledons. CKG mainly regulates the expression of genes involved in the regulation of the cell cycle including WEE1. We propose that CKG provides a regulatory module that connects cell cycle progression and organ growth to CK responses.