Prevention of diabetic retinopathy and hyperglycemic

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  • Writer 최고관리자
  • 2017-11-22


[2017 Fall Life Sciences & IBB  Seminar]

▶Subject: Prevention of diabetic retinopathy and hyperglycemic

▶Speaker: Prof. Kwon-Soo Ha (Kangwon National University School of Medicine)
▶Date: 4:30PM/Nov. 24 (Fri.)/2017
▶Place: Auditorium(1F), POSTECH Biotech Center
▶Abctract: C-peptide is a bioactive peptide with a potentially protective role in diabetes complications; however, its molecular mechanism of protection against vascular damage caused by hyperglycemia- or hyperglycemic memory-induced apoptosis remains unclear. We investigated the protective mechanism of C-peptide against hyperglycemia-induced vascular damage using human endothelial cells and streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. C-peptide supplement therapy prevented activation of transglutaminase 2 and apoptosis in endothelial cells as well as in the aorta, heart, and kidney of diabetic mice. C-peptide activated AMP-activated protein kinase α and prevented intracellular ROS-mediated mitochondrial fission, mitochondrial membrane potential collapse, and endothelial cell apoptosis. C-peptide also ameliorated impaired wound healing by stimulating angiogenesis and inhibiting inflammation. Additionally, C-peptide prevented VEGF-induced microvascular permeability by inhibiting ROS-mediated activation of transglutaminase 2 in retinas of diabetic mice. Furthermore, we investigated the beneficial effect of C-peptide on hyperglycemic memory-induced vascular damage. Hyperglycemic memory induced apoptosis by persistent generation of intracellular ROS and sustained formation of ONOO− and nitrotyrosine. These hyperglycemic memory-induced intracellular events were normalized by C-peptide, but not by insulin, in endothelial cells and the aorta of diabetic mice. Thus, C-peptide prevents against hyperglycemia- or hyperglycemic memory-induced vasculopathy, suggesting that C-peptide replacement may be a promising therapeutic strategy to prevent diabetic complications.