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Functional Expression of Dopamine D2 Receptor is Regulated by Tetraspa…

  • 저널명FASEB J, Published June. 31(6):2301-2313. doi: 10.1096/fj.201600755RR
    • 담당교수Sang Ki Park
    • 조회140
    • 작성자최고관리자
    • 2017-10-13


    ■ Abstract

    The dopaminergic system plays an essential role in various functions of the brain, including locomotion, memory, and reward, and the deregulation of dopaminergic signaling as a result of altered functionality of dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) is implicated in multiple neurologic and psychiatric disorders. Tetraspanin-7 (TSPAN7) is expressed to variable degrees in different tissues, with the highest level in the brain, and multiple mutations in TSPAN7 have been implicated in intellectual disability. Here, we tested the hypothesis that TSPAN7 may be a binding partner of DRD2 that is involved in the regulation of its functional activity. Our results showed that TSPAN7 was associated with DRD2 and reduced its surface expression by enhancing DRD2 internalization. Immunocytochemical analysis revealed that TSPAN7 that resides in the plasma membrane and early and late endosomes promoted internalization of DRD2 and its localization to endosomal compartments of the endocytic pathway. Furthermore, we observed that TSPAN7 deficiency increased surface localization of DRD2 concurrent with the decrease of its endocytosis, regardless of dopamine treatment. Finally, TSPAN7 negatively affects DRD2-mediated signaling. These results disclosed a previously uncharacterized role of TSPAN7 in the regulation of the expression and functional activity of DRD2 by postendocytic trafficking.-Lee, S.-A., Suh, Y., Lee, S., Jeong, J., Kim, S. J., Kim, S. J., Park, S. K. Functional expression of dopamine D2 receptor is regulated by tetraspanin 7-mediated postendocytic trafficking.